The importance of the issue of drugs and alcohol in the united states prison system

The boyfriend, who has pleaded not guilty, blames child protection services for not intervening, his lawyer said in an interview. Eight of the cases resulted in criminal charges. The White House has done little to address the problem, some doctors say. Last month, Congress passed a bill directing the administration to move faster and devise a national strategy within a year.

The importance of the issue of drugs and alcohol in the united states prison system

Democracy There are many differences between the two countries in their approach to democracy. The German system gives more power to the parties, since they decide which candidates to place on the list from which the parliamentarians will later be drawn.

Parties finance the election campaigns; the candidates themselves do not need to raise substantial amounts of money. In return, there is very high party loyalty in the German parliament.

Parliamentarians vote their conscience only on rare, very important questions; most of the time, they vote the party line. Parties are financed by the taxpayers according to the proportion of votes they received, by donations from big business, and by membership dues.

By contrast, Congress persons in the US are much more independent: Once in Congress, the legislators can vote their conscience on virtually every question.

American politicians are almost constantly raising money for their next campaign. Since they are free to change their voting pattern on almost any topic, moneyed interests have much more political influence than in Germany.

The importance of the issue of drugs and alcohol in the united states prison system

The majority system in the U. By contrast, in Germany there are usually about five viable parties that send delegates to the parliaments and many more smaller ones that can't beat the 5-percent hurdle and are therefore not represented in parliament.

The importance of the issue of drugs and alcohol in the united states prison system

A little-known and blatantly unjust feature of the US system is "redistricting", also called "gerrymandering". The country is divided into congressional districts, one for each member of the House of Representatives.

Dying To Be Free - The Huffington Post

The person who wins the most votes in a district gets the corresponding seat in the House. Every 10 years a census is carried out, and then the state governments go to work and redraw the congressional districts, purportedly to make them all the same size.

The real reason is of course to keep the other party out of Congress: This same game takes place every ten years, and it seems to outrage no one but me. It is often believed that the position of President in the US is a very powerful one; this is wrong.

Essentially all he can do is set foreign policy including start warswrite or change administrative rules and sign or veto laws written by Congress, where the majority is often hostile to the president.

By contrast, the Chancellor in Germany is elected by the parliament, the Bundestag, which means that a majority is behind him and most every law he wants to enact will pass, because of the above mentioned party discipline. Most laws, the ones not affecting the German states, do not have to be approved by the second chamber, the Bundesrat.

The precise rules about which laws have to be approved by the Bundesrat are quite obscure, and nobody seems to know them. The American parties are located to the right of their German counterparts.

Some people at the right end of the American Republican party are so extreme that they would probably be under surveillance in Germany. There is no social democratic party to speak of in the US; it is the biggest and oldest party in Germany, and indeed all parties in Germany are social democratic to some extent.

Even though US politics are located to the right of German politics, there is a very real sense in which Germany is more conservative. New technologies and new ways of doing things are embraced much more enthusiastically in the US.

Even conservatives will often propose quite radical policy changes, such as throwing out the whole income tax system and replacing it with a national sales tax.

On a whim, some states will introduce gay marriage and others will put a prohibition against it into the state constitution.

Things appear to move much slower in Germany. It is not very well known in Germany that most US states have systems of direct democracy, where citizens can bring up ballot measures if they raise enough signatures.

There are no restrictions on the contents of these measures: Local prosecutors, sheriffs, and judges are also often directly elected by the citizenry. In Germany, these are all appointed, not elected. Despite all of this, large segments of American society ignore the political process altogether.

I can see three possible reasons for the low voter participation in the US: Security The term "freedom" is ubiquitous in the political and public debate of the US; it is indeed a very important, if ill-defined, concept for ordinary Americans.

The quotation "Whoever is willing to give up essential freedoms in order to gain some temporary security deserves neither" is repeated over and over again; I'm sure that there is at least one Usenet article circulating at any given time which contains this sentence.

By contrast, Germans like their security quite a bit and are uncomfortable with the dichotomy Freedom vs. They like to be able to plan ahead for long periods of time. In fact, when told that in the US one can be fired when getting severely ill or for no reason at all -- so-called "at will" employeesat which point the health insurance coverage is also lost, puzzled Germans ask "But how can people live like that?

In Germany you get generous benefits for one year, then basic support forever. It is even more astounding to Germans, including me, that given this dire situation, US citizens are notorious for not saving money, even living on credit instead.Dec 07,  · Babies born dependent on drugs are being released to parents unable to care for them, and Reuters found examples of children who died as a result.

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SYMPOSIUM: DRUG POLICY REALITY AND REFORM THE WAR ON DRUGS AND PRISON GROWTH: LIMITED IMPORTANCE, LIMITED LEGISLATIVE OPTIONS JOHN F.

PFAFF* I. INTRODUCTION The dramatic rise in . The Great Republic: Presidents and States of the United States of America, and Comments on American History. Taking everything together then, I declare that our city is the School [or "Education"] of Greece [, tês Helládos Paídeusis], and I declare that in my opinion each single one of our citizens, in all the manifold aspects of life, is able to show himself the rightful lord and owner of.

1. Introduction. This report presents a detailed look at results from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), an annual survey of the civilian, noninstitutionalized population of the United States aged 12 years old or older.

Punishment: Punishment, the infliction of some kind of pain or loss upon a person for a misdeed (i.e., the transgression of a law or command). Punishment may take forms ranging from capital punishment, flogging, forced labour, and mutilation of the body to imprisonment and .

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