Print The fall of Tenochtitlan is an important event in the history of the Americas as it marks the end of the Aztec Empire. This event took place on August 13, and was the result of a three-month long siege. However, it may be said that the Spanish were not really the masters of Mexico yet, and they would only achieve this status some decades later.
The Aztecs are also known as Mexica or Tenochca. It is possible that their migration southward was part of a general movement of peoples that followed, or perhaps helped trigger, the collapse of the Toltec civilization.
The basis of Aztec success in creating a great state and ultimately an empire was their remarkable system of agriculturewhich featured intensive cultivation of all available land, as well as elaborate systems of irrigation and reclamation of swampland.
The high productivity gained by those methods made for a rich and populous state. The Aztec state was a despotism in which the military arm played a dominant role. Valour in war was, in fact, the surest path to advancement in Aztec society, which was caste- and class-divided but nonetheless vertically fluid.
The priestly and bureaucratic classes were involved in the administration of the empire, while at the bottom of society were classes of serfs, indentured servants, and outright slaves.
TlatelolcoAztec ruins of the former city-state of Tlatelolco foreground and the Church of Santiago de Tlatelolco backgroundMexico City.
At base, it shared many of the cosmological beliefs of earlier peoples, notably the Mayasuch as that the present earth was the last in a series of creations and that it occupied a position between systems of 13 heavens and 9 underworlds.
Closely entwined with Aztec religion was the calendar, on which the elaborate round of rituals and ceremonies that occupied the priests was based.
The Aztec calendar was the one common to much of Mesoamerica, and it comprised a solar year of days and a sacred year of days; the two yearly cycles running in parallel produced a larger cycle of 52 years. The Aztec empire was still expanding, and its society still evolving, when its progress was halted in by the appearance of Spanish explorers.
The writings preserve a record of the Aztec culture and Nahuatl language. Ayer, Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Conquest of the Aztec Empire Part I Hernán Cortés was born in Seville in By then America wasn't even discovered, but a few decades later he would be the one to conquer one of the most powerful empires in the new continent: the Aztec empire.
"The Last Days of Tenochtitlan—Conquest of Mexico by Cortez" — painting by William de Leftwich Dodge. (Public Domain) As a result of the fall of Tenochtitlan Aztec dominance in Mexico came to an end and the Spanish were the new rulers of the area, though it would take them another couple of decades to consolidate their position.
Conquering the Aztecs. Cortés had heard of the Aztecs and knew that they, and their leader Montezuma II, were a primary force in Mexico.
"He arrived in the great Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán in ," said Cosme. "Although he was kindly received by the Aztec emperor Montezuma, Cortés' intentions were less benevolent." He set out to .
Ancient Aztec religion was a complex interaction of gods, dates, directions and colours. It seems that most of the preoccupation in the religion had to do with fear of the nature, and a . Vivid, powerful and absorbing, this is a first-person account of one of the most startling military episodes in history: the overthrow of Montezuma's doomed Aztec Empire by the ruthless Hernan Cortes and his band of adventurers.
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