Parallel citations legal writing and research

Legal Citations—Introduction, Source, Authority It is customary for attorneys, scholars, the courts, and professionals from all fields to utilize specific, highly technical rules of citation when citing legal authority. These rules are often overly complex and not tailored for use by individuals who have not been exposed to legal writing courses or law school. However, it is important for professionals from other fields to be familiar with these rules.

Parallel citations legal writing and research

Parallel Citations October 14, Every case that appears in a reporter has a citation that provides a volume number and page number where you can find the full case. When a case has been published in more than one reporter then it will have more than one citation, and each designates a reporter in which the case has appeared.

These are called parallel citations.

Copyright 2000, 2004 by Ronald B. Standler

Parallel Citations are necessary when citing to a case in documents such as briefs or memoranda. WestlawNext provides every parallel citation you need to properly cite a case.

In WestlawNext you can see up to three parallel citations directly above the case you are viewing.

Legal Citation Help: Parallel Citations Whether you are a law student, an associate, or have been a practicing attorney for years, parallel citations in legal writing can be a mystery. We’re here to help you unravel what a parallel citation is, and when to use one! The legal citation for a case identifies the name of the court reporter in which the opinion is published and where the case can be found. Parallel Citations. Learn exam 2 legal research writing with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of exam 2 legal research writing flashcards on Quizlet.

If a case has more than three parallel citations, you will see a link to See Additional Citations. Click See Additional Citations.

Print Sources - Legal Research Manual - Research Guides at Queen's University

This brings you to the Parallel Citations section, which lists all parallel citations available for the case. Using WestlawNext, you can view all of the parallel citations for your case and be confident that you have the information you need for an accurate citation.By submitting this form, you are consenting to receive marketing emails from: Legal Writing Pro LLC, G Street, NW, Washington, DC, , You can revoke your consent to receive emails at any time by using the SafeUnsubscribe® link, found .

parallel citations legal writing and research

The generally accepted style manual for legal citations in the USA is the Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation, which is published by the editors of four prestigious law reviews at Columbia University, Harvard, Univ.

of Pennsylvania, and Yale Law Schools. Legal citation is the method by which lawyers, law students, professors, and judges refer to the sources, whether primary or secondary, 1 that they rely upon.


Table of contents for Foundations of legal research & writing / Carol Bast, Margie Hawkins. Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Periodical Indexes & Databases

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. In short, in the current research environment, the lawyer, judge, or legal scholar who would read, quote, and cite to provisions of the Code of Federal Regulations as they stand at the moment of writing has no excuse not to draw upon the e-CFR or one of its reliable derivatives.

parallel citations legal writing and research

The Bluebook is a citation system traditionally used in American academic legal writing, and the Bluebook (or similar systems derived from it) are used by many courts. At present, academic legal articles are always footnoted, but motions submitted to courts and court opinions traditionally use inline citations, which are either separate.

Legal Citation | Bora Laskin Law Library