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More than nongovernmental organizations dedicated to environmental causes can be found in India. Environmentalism in India In India, the environmental movement differs significantly from its counterparts in North America and Europe.
Ramachandra Guha, for instance, suggests that a Western-style program of environmental preservation will not work in India, due to the immediate, pressing needs of local populations.
Ecosystem people, by contrast, are rural and largely uneducated. Ecosystem people tend to have large families because their children, not being in school, are able to produce much-needed income at a young age.
The women of these communities spend much of their time fetching water and fuel. Because of their impoverishment, this population does not participate in any significant way in the industrial paradigm unless they become ecological refugees.
These ecological refugees flee the hardscrabble life of the countryside and flock to the cities, where they generally become day laborers and servants.
The environmental movement in India has to respond to these competing constituencies. The urban masses want to enjoy modern material comforts. Rural villagers want access to arable land. Those villagers who fail to thrive in the countryside flee to the cities where they live often marginal lives as uneducated industrial or service workers.
Government policies have not created a fully integrated modern society for all segments of the population. Furthermore, in the past the government has advocated massive development projects, such as the damming of the Narmada River, to support the consumerist urban life-style.
This reflected little Ecological perspective in hinduism essay no regard for the life-paths of traditional peoples whose existence within the ecosystem does not demand the excessive consumption of natural resources found in the cities. But its sophistication and strength is dissipated by a corrupt and bureaucratically tangled government, by a declining economy, and by an ecological and population crisis that surpasses known techniques of environmental repair and management.
The movement, far from being a vanguard, is fighting a rearguard action for cultural and ecological survival. Today, it is approximately one billion. Consequently, several environmental problems have emerged. Part of this is due to the rapid rate of growth. In the period —, during which the gross domestic product increased 2.
Inwhen the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi had asked me to address his council of ministers on the environmental challenges facing the country, I had told this powerful group that rural environmental problems are more important than urban environmental problems.
I had said this because the land and forest degradation affects the lives of hundreds of millions of poor people, especially poor rural women, extremely adversely.
Delhi was still quite clean. I had no idea about the speed with which this capital city will turn into a hell-hole in less than ten years. And today every metro and small town is rapidly following suit.
I should have emphasized the importance of preventing the pollution disaster that was soon going to hit us. But I had no idea of the speed with which it would hit us. The level of air pollution in India resembles that of industrial steel towns, such as Pittsburgh, in the s.
In the United States and in Western Europe, public sentiment and concern for public health spawned a climate of environmental awareness that resulted in dramatic improvements in air and water quality.
Lance Nelson and others have argued that aspects of Hindu tradition similarly downgrade the material world and can foster indifference toward the environment.
This approach resembles the finger-pointing in the Judeo-Christian traditions, where blame has been placed on dominion theology, the notion that God created the world for human use and pleasure.
This attitude might also be characterized as anthropocentrism, or putting the human person at the center of the cosmos.
The Hindu tradition, with its emphasis on personal salvation moksa certainly is not exempt from this critique, though several authors in this volume seek to put forward an alternative, more ecofriendly view of Hinduism. Although cultural values certainly help shape the worldview of a society, pollution is not necessarily a result of religious dogmas but an unfortunate, and probably unintentional, by-product of the rise of technology, increased population, and the advent of manipulative consumerism in the modern era.
Thomas Berry has argued that the technological trance, supported by advertising, has taken on mythic proportions and that it will take a new myth to undo the harm done to the planet by industrial pollution, habitat decimation, and a weakened sense of our place in nature.Conceptually, the ecological framework is a broad, overarching paradigm or metatheory, bridging several fields of theory and research, and orienting practitioners and researchers to the importance of integrative, multilevel, and multidimensional approaches to person-environment relationships.
Ecological Perspective in Hinduism Essay (Chapple & Tucker, ). For Hindus, nature is not outside of us, it is an inseparable part of our very being and it makes up our very bodies.
Hinduism. Hindu images relate to the powerful natural world. Ecological sensitivity is based on the relationship between humans and how they respect the gods and goddesses related to the earth. In South Asia, the effects of pollution, both in the air and water, have been felt, particularly in recent years.
HINDUISM & ECOLOGY: A Critique of Rajdeva Narayan’s Article, “Ecological Crisis & Hindu Religious Thought” Throughout Narayan’s article he explains in detail the Ecological crisis he believes we are encountering in our present day as well as its ties and relationship with the Hindu tradition and ways of .
Maslow's Hierarchy Of Needs From The Perspective Of Hinduism. Significance of Happiness in Hinduism. Why Hinduism is a Preferred Choice for Educated Hindus.
The Construction of Hinduism. Three Myths about Hinduism. Significance of Death in Hinduism. Self-knowledge, Difficulties in Knowing Yourself. Essay about Ecological Perspective in Hinduism - Hinduism is an incredibly diverse religion that expresses, through many of its texts the complex relationship between the environment and humanity.