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On the towel, there are three half-inch stripes in parallel with two hand-embroidered letters in red above the stripes: Why, then, is it a subject for historians? In Objects of War: Her son, Paul Kuttner, held on to the towel as one of the few tangible links he had to his mother, whom the Nazis murdered during the Holocaust.
Sixty years after the towel left Germany, it made its way back to its home city as part of an exhibit at the Jewish Museum Berlin. At the museum, the towel tells a story of displacement, loss, and survival.
The Kuttner towel is but one of many objects explored in this remarkable book on material culture hardened in the crucible of war. In a feat rarely accomplished in an edited volume of such breadth, the chapters in Objects of War are in conversation with one another throughout the book.
Together, the chapters make a compelling case to move beyond the battlefield and examine the objects so easily tossed aside by war. In their introduction, Auslander and Zahra explain that material culture a term used when human-made objects are the focus of study provides another way to understand war and the people who experience it.
Oct 20, · Dr. Archie McDonald gives a brief history of the El Camino Real through East Texas from the Toledo Bend Reservoir to Crockett, Texas. Toledo Transmission (also called Toledo Transmission Operations, TTO, and Powertrain Toledo) is a 2 million square feet; acres General Motors transmission factory in Toledo, Ohio. The facility was founded in , and has been the site for production of many of GM's Hydra-Matic transmissions since. As of May 1, , Toledo Bend Reservoir had 2, marker buoys and miles of marked boat lanes. As of February 17, , the boat lanes and buoy marker system has been changed.
By looking at, feeling, or smelling remnants of war, people form an emotional connection to objects from the past they may never make by just reading about the event. Divided into three parts, Objects of War explores the material culture of conflict through the state, the individual, and in the aftermath of war in private collections and museums.
In hopes of strengthening his monarchical power and reducing threats to his authority, Louis XIV erected a magnificent palace and gardens that sought to inspire reverence in his subjects.
States place heightened importance on objects during conflict, whether by plundering objects from their enemies or destroying them altogether. Part II contains some of the most insightful chapters in the entire volume as the focus shifts from the state to the individual. Many prisoners of war POW and concentration camp inmates depended on objects to retain a sense of humanity in the face of violence.
Woodcarving became a popular pastime as prisoners created gifts for their wives and children, improved camp fittings, and made boxes to transport their belongings home. Handiwork kept prisoners busy throughout their captivity while recreating a sense of home and connecting them with faraway loved ones.
Conversely, there are situations when humans are reduced to the status of property or objects, demonstrated in the chapters by Sarah Jones Weicksel, Brandon Schechter, and Noah Benninga.
These booklets allowed commanders to expend soldiers, just like material, when and where they needed them in battle. Stripping dead bodies of identifying clothing or brutalizing concentration camps inmates, as the editors point out, blurs the boundary between subjects and objects during times of war.
Unfortunately, the contributions in the third part left me scratching my head. The three essays, which focus on the afterlives of objects, seem incongruent with one another, and the rest of the volume. For better or worse, I reemerged without learning the significance of skirt-cloths for Karenni refugees in Thailand.
All that aside, two chapters in Objects of War stand out from among the rest. The first, by Sarah Jones Weicksel, invites us to think beyond recent battles over confederate monuments to a different type of material culture during the American Civil War: Neither side had a monopoly on virtue in this particular activity.
Soldiers and civilians from the Union and Confederacy were both implicated in theft against official policies. The range and scale of battlefield plundering defied necessity as soldiers mailed these newly stolen morbid mementos back to their families. Looting from bodies made the identification of corpses more challenging.
Looting bodies is just one of the many themes Weicksel manages to touch upon in her contribution to Objects of War; she also discusses issues of class, gender, and slavery within the context of the Civil War.
In her exploration of wartime material culture, Weicksel gives us another medium through which to think about this frequently contentious era of the American past. As Weicksel expands our knowledge of the American Civil War, Noah Benninga unsettles our understanding of prisoner life at the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp during World War II in his chapter about camp fashion among elite male inmates.
Prisoners in designated camp positions administration, block seniors strove to improve their appearance to avoid looking physically weak and earn respect from other prisoners and camp guards.
Elite prisoners had their uniforms tailored by other prisoners serving as camp tailors, wore their caps cocked on the side of their heads, and obtained nicer shoes.
Benninga emphasizes that prisoner fashion was enabled by the SS system, which used inequality as a tool to divide and conquer the camp inmates, and by the specific conditions at Auschwitz-Birkenau, which put the possessions of a million murdered Jews within reach of over a hundred thousand starving inmates.As of May 1, , Toledo Bend Reservoir had 2, marker buoys and miles of marked boat lanes.
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Introduction Section 1 _____ were a major part of the state’s history and are important today for trade and _____ River: part of the border with Texas; the Toledo Bend Reservoir was formed on the river by a dam to generate hydroelectric power.
Graph Theory and Complex Networks: An Introduction Maarten van Steen VU Amsterdam, Dept. Computer Science Room R, [email protected] Introduction History, background Foundations Basic terminology and properties ofgraphs Graph Theory and Complex Networks: An Introduction.
Sep 23, · Nobody died, and the rest is history.
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60 Great Boating Innovations: Radar. Furuno. Radar () Thanks to DuPont and the introduction of nylon at the World’s Fair in New York, none of us need to suffer this fate.
The first fiberglass recreational boat was a sailboat molded by one Ray Greene of Toledo, Ohio, in Oct 20, · Dr. Archie McDonald gives a brief history of the El Camino Real through East Texas from the Toledo Bend Reservoir to Crockett, Texas.