It is speculated that he attended the University of Florence, and even a cursory glance at his corpus reveals that he received an excellent humanist education. It is only with his entrance into public view, with his appointment as the Second Chancellor of the Republic of Florence, however, that we begin to acquire a full and accurate picture of his life.
It includes 26 chapters and an opening dedication to Lorenzo de Medici. The dedication declares Machiavelli's intention to discuss in plain language the conduct of great men and the principles of princely government. He does so in hope of pleasing and enlightening the Medici family. The book's 26 chapters can be divided into four sections: Chapters discuss the different types of principalities or states, Chapters discuss the different types of armies and the proper conduct of a prince as military leader, Chapters discuss the character and behavior of the prince, and Chapters discuss Italy's desperate political situation.
The final chapter is a plea for the Medici family to supply the prince who will lead Italy out of humiliation. The types of principalities Machiavelli lists four types of principalities: Hereditary principalities, which are inherited by the ruler Mixed principalities, territories that are annexed to the ruler's existing territories New principalities, which may be acquired by several methods: Machiavelli lists four types of armies: Mercenaries or hired soldiers, which are dangerous and unreliable Auxiliaries, troops that are loaned to you by other rulers—also dangerous and unreliable Native troops, composed of one's own citizens or subjects—by far the most desirable kind Mixed troops, a combination of native troops and mercenaries or auxiliaries—still less desirable than a completely native army The character and behavior of the prince Machiavelli recommends the following character and behavior for princes: It is better to be stingy than generous.
It is better to be cruel than merciful. It is better to break promises if keeping them would be against one's interests. Princes must avoid making themselves hated and despised; the goodwill of the people is a better defense than any fortress.
Princes should undertake great projects to enhance their reputation. Princes should choose wise advisors and avoid flatterers.
Italy's political situation Machiavelli outlines and recommends the following: The rulers of Italy have lost their states by ignoring the political and military principles Machiavelli enumerates.
Fortune controls half of human affairs, but free will controls the rest, leaving the prince free to act.
However, few princes can adapt their actions to the times. The final chapter is an exhortation to the Medici family to follow Machiavelli's principles and thereby free Italy from foreign domination.1.
Biography. Relatively little is known for certain about Machiavelli's early life in comparison with many important figures of the Italian Renaissance (the following section draws on Capponi and Vivanti ) He was born 3 May in Florence and at a young age became a pupil of a renowned Latin teacher, Paolo da Ronciglione.
The Prince is an extended analysis of how to acquire and maintain political power. It includes 26 chapters and an opening dedication to Lorenzo de Medici. It includes 26 chapters and an opening dedication to Lorenzo de Medici.
Machiavelli's political theory, then, represents a concerted effort to exclude issues of authority and legitimacy from consideration in the discussion of political decision-making and political judgement.
Nowhere does this come out more clearly than in his treatment of the relationship between law and force.
Niccolò Machiavelli was born into this unstable time of shifting fortunes in the year He served in a number of minor government positions, and was banished or imprisoned at various points of his career. I will discuss the political ideas of Niccolo Machiavelli, Francesco Guicciardini, and Thomas Hobbes during the time of Florence Republic.
First, Niccolo Machiavelli was born in Florence, Italy in at a time when the country was in political upheaval. Niccolio Machiavelli (Born May 3rd, – Florence, Italy.) His writings have been the source of dispute amongst scholars due to the ambiguity of his analogy of the ‘Nature of Politics” and the implication of morality.
The Prince, has been criticised due to it’s seemingly amoral polit.