Good lord, I kept thinking, so this is what we are dealing with.
Folklore The word "banana" is a general term embracing a number of species or hybrids in the genus Musa of the family Musaceae. Some species such as M. The so-called Abyssinian banana, Ensete ventricosum Cheesman, formerly E.
Most edible-fruited bananas, usually seedless, belong to the species M. To the American consumer, ";banana"; seems a simple name for the yellow fruits so abundantly marketed for consumption raw, and ";plantain"; for the larger, more angular fruits intended for cooking but also edible raw when fully ripe.
However, the distinction is not that clear and the terms may even be reversed. The types we call ";banana"; are known by similar or very different names in banana-growing areas. Portuguese names in Brazil are: In French islands or areas, the terms may be bananier nain, bananier de Chine Guadaloupefigue, figue banane, figue naine Haiti.
Where German is spoken, they say: In the Sudan, baranda.
The types Americans call ";plantain";, Plate IV, may be known as banaan Surinam ; banano macho Panama ; banane or bananier Haiti, Guadeloupe, Martinique ; banane misquette or banane musquee, or pie banane Haiti ; bananeira de terra Brazil ; banano indio Costa Rica ; barbaro Mexico ; butuco Honduras ; parichao Venezuela ; plantain Guyana, Jamaica, Trinidad ; platano Cuba, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic ; platano burro, platano hembra Cuba ; platano macho Cuba, Panama ; platano de la isla Peru ; topocho or yapuru Venezuela ; zapolote Mexico.
Numerous other vernacular names, according to geographical region, are provided by N. Simmonds in his textbook, Bananas. In India, there is no distinction between bananas and plantains. All cultivars are merely rated as to whether they are best for dessert or for cooking.
Description The banana plant, often erroneously referred to as a "tree", is a large herb, with succulent, very juicy stem properly "pseudostem" which is a cylinder of leaf-petiole sheaths, reaching a height of 20 to 25 ft Tender, smooth, oblong or elliptic, fleshy-stalked leaves, numbering 4 or 5 to 15, are arranged spirally.
They unfurl, as the plant grows, at the rate of one per week in warm weather, and extend upward and outward, becoming as much as 9 ft 2. They may be entirely green, green with maroon splotches, or green on the upperside and red purple beneath.
The inflorescence, a transformed growing point, is a terminal spike shooting out from the heart in the tip of the stem. At first, it is a large, long-oval, tapering, purple-clad bud.
As it opens, it is seen that the slim, nectar-rich, tubular, toothed, white flowers are clustered in whorled double rows along the floral stalk, each cluster covered by a thick, waxy, hoodlike bract, purple outside, deep-red within.
Normally, the bract will lift from the first hand in 3 to 10 days. If the plant is weak, opening may not occur until 10 or 15 days. Female flowers occupy the lower 5 to 15 rows; above them may be some rows of hermaphrodite or neuter flowers; male flowers are borne in the upper rows.
In some types the inflorescence remains erect but generally, shortly after opening, it begins to bend downward. In about one day after the opening of the flower clusters, the male flowers and their bracts are shed, leaving most of the upper stalk naked except at the very tip where there usually remains an unopened bud containing the last-formed of the male flowers.
As the young fruits develop from the female flowers, they look like slender green fingers. The bracts are soon shed and the fully grown fruits in each cluster become a "hand" of bananas, and the stalk droops with the weight until the bunch is upside down.
The number of "hands" varies with the species and variety. The flesh, ivory-white to yellow or salmon-yellow, may be firm, astringent, even gummy with latex, when unripe, turning tender and slippery, or soft and mellow or rather dry and mealy or starchy when ripe.
The flavor may be mild and sweet or subacid with a distinct apple tone. The common cultivated types are generally seedless with just minute vestiges of ovules visible as brown specks in the slightly hollow or faintly pithy center, especially when the fruit is overripe.
Origin and Distribution Edible bananas originated in the Indo-Malaysian region reaching to northern Australia. They were known only by hearsay in the Mediterranean region in the 3rd Century B.A new study finds that you can build strength in just 13 minutes with a single, brief set of each exercise, if you work really hard.
By GRETCHEN REYNOLDS. The Hate Plague trope as used in popular culture. A plot wherein the characters are affected by a force unknown to them and become increasingly snappish and . The Hate Plague trope as used in popular culture. A plot wherein the characters are affected by a force unknown to them and become increasingly snappish and .
An epidemic (or even pandemic) disease with lethal or at least very serious consequences for the infected. The Plague stories come in several different types. An epidemic (from Greek ἐπί epi "upon or above" and δῆμος demos "people") is the rapid spread of infectious disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time, usually two weeks or less.
For example, in meningococcal infections, an attack rate in excess of 15 cases per , people for two consecutive weeks is considered an epidemic. The clothing worn by plague doctors was intended to protect them from airborne diseases.
The costume, used in France and Italy in the 17th century, consisted of an ankle length overcoat and a bird-like beak mask, often filled with sweet or strong smelling substances (commonly lavender), along with gloves, boots, a wide-brimmed hat, and .