The gradual and almost obvious failure of the supposed practical applications of his political and economic ideas should not overshadow the stature as revolutionary thinker of Karl Marx, whose work in the socioeconomic sciences was similar to that of Freud in psychology or Einsteinin physics. Marx unmasked the dogmas of classical economics and revealed from an eminently scientific perspective the injustices inherent in the capitalist system; with him, economic doctrine ceased to be a veiled defense of particular interests, and political ethics a kind of infused science.
Trier, Germany formerly in Rhenish Prussia Died: March 14, London, England German philosopher and political leader The German philosopher, revolutionary economist one who studies the use of money and other material fundsand leader Karl Marx founded modern "scientific" socialism a system of society in which no property is held as private.
His basic ideas—known as Marxism—form the foundation of Socialist and Communist an economic and government system characterized by citizens holding all property and goods in common movements throughout the world.
Both Heinrich and Henriette were descendants of a long line of rabbis masters or teachers of Jewish religion.
Barred from the practice of law because he was Jewish, Heinrich Marx converted to Lutheranism about Karl was baptized in the same church in at the age of six. Karl attended a Lutheran elementary school but later became an atheist one who does not believe in the existence of God and a materialist one who believes that physical matter is all that is realrejecting both the Christian and Jewish religions.
It was he who coined the saying "Religion is the opium [drug that deadens pain, is today illegal, and comes from the poppy flower] of the people," a basic principle in modern communism.
Karl attended the Friedrich Wilhelm Gymnasium in Trier for five years, graduating in at the age of seventeen. The gymnasium's program was the usual classical one—history, mathematics, literature, and languages, particularly Greek and Latin. Karl became very skillful in French and Latin, both of which he learned to read and write fluently.
In later years he taught himself other languages, so that as a mature scholar he could also read Spanish, Italian, Dutch, Scandinavian, Russian, and English. As his articles in the New York Daily Tribune show, he came to handle the English language masterfully he loved Shakespeare [—], whose works he knew by heartalthough he never lost his heavy German accent when speaking.
Young adult years In October Marx enrolled in Bonn University in Bonn, Germany, where he attended courses primarily in law, as it was his father's desire that he become a lawyer. Marx, however, was more interested in philosophy the study of knowledge and literature than in law.
He wanted to be a poet and dramatist one who writes plays. In his student days he wrote a great deal of poetry—most of it preserved—that in his mature years he rightly recognized as imitative and Karl Marx.
He spent a year at Bonn, studying little but partying and drinking a lot. He also piled up heavy debts. Marx's dismayed father took him out of Bonn and had him enter the University of Berlin, then a center of intellectual discussion. In Berlin a circle of brilliant thinkers was challenging existing institutions and ideas, including religion, philosophy, ethics the study of good and bad involving moralsand politics.
Marx joined this group of radical extreme in opinion thinkers wholeheartedly. He spent more than four years in Berlin, completing his studies with a doctoral degree in March Forced to move on Marx then turned to writing and journalism to support himself.
In he became editor of the liberal open to new ideas Cologne newspaper Rheinische Zeitung, but the Berlin government prohibited it from being published the following year. In January Marx was expelled from France "at the instigation [order] of the Prussian government," as he said.
Expelled forced out by the Belgian government, Marx moved back to Cologne, where he became editor of the Neue Rheinische Zeitung in June Less than a year later, the Prussian government stopped the paper, and Marx himself was exiled forced to leave.
He went to Paris, but in September the French government expelled him again.Watch video · German philosopher and revolutionary socialist Karl Marx published The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital, anticapitalist works that form the basis of Marxism.
Karl Marx Biography - Karl Heinrich Marx was a revolutionary German philosopher, who created a strong impact in the world through economics and politics.
He played a major role. Karl Marx: Karl Marx, revolutionary, socialist, historian, and economist who, German philosopher. Written By: David T.
McLellan; The Victorian Web - Biography of Karl Marx; Spartacus Educational - Biography of Karl Marx; British Broadcasting Corporation - Biography of Karl Marx. Karl Marx - Last years: During the next and last decade of his life, Marx’s creative energies declined.
He was beset by what he called “chronic mental depression,” and his life turned inward toward his family. Watch video · German philosopher and revolutionary socialist Karl Marx published The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital, anticapitalist works that form the .
The German philosopher, revolutionary economist (one who studies the use of money and other material funds), and leader Karl Marx founded modern "scientific" socialism (a system of society in which no property is held as private).